Tanzania Land Governance Assessment Framework

The Land Governance Assessment Framework (LGAF) assesses the status of land governance at Country level in a participatory process that draws systematically on local expertise and existing evidence. The LGAF is designed to help countries to involve all relevant stakeholder groups to participate in technical assessment to assess and rank countries.’ land governance status against global good practice using a common framework. In Tanzania the framework for landholding is regulated under a set of statutes that recognize grants of Rights of Occupancy (GRO) with Certificates of Title, in what are categorized as General and Reserved Lands.

Alongside these are Customary Rights of Occupancy (CRO) that may be granted or issued with Certificates of Customary Rights of Occupancy (CCRO) which relate mostly to the category of Village Land.  The Land Act, Cap. 113 regulates the issuance of GRO while the Village Land Act Cap. 114 (VLA) regulates CRO and the issuance of CCRO, together these statutes are known as the Land Acts. While GROs are largely granted in the urban and formal sector, the CCRO are largely issued in rural areas. With regard to these occupancy arrangements this report makes certain overall finding that are summarily presented

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